HR Laws and Human Resources Lawyer

While this guide was originally published in 2021, it has been extensively updated with the latest HR information and HR regulations relevant to the year 2024.

There are numerous federal, state, and local laws that employers are obligated to comply with in order to protect their business and employees. In many cases, a business’s human resources (HR) team is the entity responsible for ensuring that those laws are complied with. From guaranteeing health care to preventing discriminatory practices, HR departments can have a lot on their plate. For businesses that are too small to have an in-house HR department, it is the responsibility of the business owner to ensure legal compliance of employment laws and statutes.

Need help navigating the complexities of HR law? Contact the knowledgeable human resources attorneys of MBM Law. Our experienced HR lawyers can help your business stay compliant with workplace laws.

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There are a number of laws HR professionals should be aware of that relate to employee benefits, workplace safety, workplace discrimination, wages, and work hours – which are all equally important.

  • The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Together, these two laws limit the workweek to 40 hours and provide employees with 12 weeks of unpaid leave. These laws also provide regulations regarding overtime pay and establish child labor laws.
  • The Age Discrimination in Employment Act . As the name suggests, this law prohibits employers from firing, demoting, or otherwise limiting employment opportunities for an individual based solely upon their age.
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA). This comprehensive law ensures that workplace environments are safe for employees and establish rights to compensation if an employee is injured on the job.
  • Health Coverage. There are several laws that require employers to purchase health coverage and ensure other benefits for their employees, including the Affordable Care Act, the Employee Retirement Income Security Act, and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. Together, these laws ensure employees have access to healthcare, insurance opportunities and retirement programs.
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Laws. These laws prohibit employer discrimination based on an individual’s race, religion, sex, gender, or nationality when making decisions about hiring, firing, or implementing other employment-related policies or decisions.


Failure to maintain compliance with any of the HR laws and regulations listed above can result in penalties against the employer, or can even result in the employee bringing a lawsuit against the employer for damages. Compliance with various HR employment laws can take on a variety of forms, such as providing proof of insurance, submitting reports or taking timely action upon identifying a law that is not being complied with. As a result, it is essential for every HR professional to not only know what conduct is required in order to ensure that a law is complied with, but also to know how to demonstrate compliance and keep appropriate records to protect a business. Staying on top of compliance laws and their requirements can help prevent problems well before they arise and ultimately ensure every employee’s safety and security within the company.

An employee handbook is a useful tool to serve as a foundation of your company’s HR policies and procedures. It outlines what you, as the employer, provide in the way of compensation and benefits, but also, what your expectations are of your employees for a positive work culture. It assists in responding to any potentially damaging situation regarding employee rights or discrimination. The handbook provides your employees with answers and is a resource for management to conduct business with consistency and uniformity. But the handbook must be properly worded not only to maintain compliance with the various laws, but also to make it clear that the handbook is not, and was not intended to constitute, a binding written employment contract.

MBM Law’s experienced HR legal team can help you develop a comprehensive compliance program, review your employee handbook, and answer any questions you have about navigating HR regulations.

Contact the HR Law Firm of Maiello Bungo & Maiello


Legal compliance defines the process by which a business – and the employees working for that business – ensure that state and federal regulations are followed. Most HR departments accomplish this by developing a legal compliance program that allows them to check business policies and procedures and confirm they comply with government mandates. For example, a legal compliance program might require that employees be trained to recognize and report any discriminatory activity that does not align with Equal Employment Opportunity Laws, and then create a process by which reported discriminatory behavior is addressed within the company. Such a process helps employers stay aware of behaviors that violate workplace mandates and ensure legal compliance.


Human resource laws and policies cover a wide spectrum of areas, including:

  • Work hours and schedules
  • Paid and unpaid time off
  • Discrimination based on race, religion, nationality, gender or sex
  • Medical leave or disability
  • Discrimination based on disability
  • Workplace injuries
  • Insurance and access to health care
  • Discrimination based on wage
  • Workplace safety
  • Employee training and prevention
  • Ensuring compliance and reporting
  • Investigating claims and facilitating responses

Other HR Responsibilities:

Pennsylvania employment compliance extends throughout the physical workplace, including placing the required federal and state specific posters in visible areas in your facility. They include:

  • Equal Employment Opportunity
  • Workers’ Compensation Law
  • Unemployment Compensation Form
  • Minimum Wage Law
  • Fair Employment
  • Abstract Equal Pay Law


It can be incredibly challenging for human resource professionals to stay apprised of changes in laws and adapting policies that ensure compliance. At MBM law, our Human Resources Compliance & Strategic Counseling group can help your HR team develop a compliance program that not only protects your business, but also the employees who work within it.

Contact MBM Law’s HR Attorneys Today

Michael L. Brungo

Michael Brungo is a partner with MBM and has over 35 years of experience working with businesses, corporations, and public entities with their personnel and employment issues. He is available to help with any type of employment‐related legal matter.